1. In 2012, ANIR carried out a Needs Assessment Survey of Nurses and Midwives  that reported that the majority of its members lived in poor housing and living conditions, and to improve their living conditions may positively impact on their work performance and improve job satisfaction. The research, whose purposes included providing baseline information to respond to the needs of nurses and midwives in Rwanda, found out that Rwanda nurses and midwives well-being was hindered by a social economic environment they work in. 273 respondents participated to the research to provide quantitative data. 
  2. In 2015 André Gitembagara Michael V. Relf , and  Renee Pyburn published a research titled “ Optimizing Nursing and Midwifery Practice in Rwanda”. The cross sectional, descriptive study was done to evaluate the gaps between the targeted number of the nurses and midwives in the health centers and district hospitals in Rwanda and the actual numbers in these facilities. Results indicated that in health centers staffing levels were at 55% of recommended levels, and in district hospitals 80.5% of recommended staffing levels. Looking to the future, Rwanda must focus not only on staffing numbers but also evaluate the practice environment healthcare system, and the roles and responsibility of nurses and midwives. Education systems must also prioritize ensuring that entry-level nurses and midwives enter into the profession with essential competencies for safe practice, that interdisciplinary team practice is a part of the curriculum, and that nurses and midwives are educated beyond the associate nurse level.
  3. In 2015 again, Madeleine Mukeshimana, Gregoire Hakizimana, Clarisse Mwali, Clemantine Umuhoza, Jocelyne Uwambajimana, and Domina Asingizwe, published “The knowledge and practice of self-care management among patients attending a diabetes clinic in Kigali, Rwanda”. A descriptive cross-sectional design approach explored self-care knowledge and practice among 80 participants attending a diabetes clinic in Kigali. The study found that Participants had a self-care knowledge gap in some areas of diabetes self- management. There were self-care knowledge and practice gaps in some areas of diabetes self-care management. Health care providers, particularly nurses should play a key role in providing with accurate information on diabetes self-care.
  4. In 2016 RNMU published the RNMU National Survey On Nurses and Midwives Clinical Working Conditions in Rwanda. A stratified random sampling technique was used to select 224 public and private health facilities and 542 nurses and midwives working in clinical services to assess their working conditions and their level of job satisfaction. The study aimed specifically at identifying the level of nurses and midwives staffing at different levels of the health system in Rwanda compared to the national standards and determine the level of job satisfaction among nurses and midwives working in the clinical settings of Rwanda. The findings revealed a gap in nurses and midwives staffing at all levels of the health facilities compared to the national standards for health facilities staffing. The shortage in nursing and human resources requires nurses and midwives to work overtime to meet the patients’ needs as it has been reported by 83.8 % respondents who work more than 45 hours per week. Despite working overtimes, the national standard of nurse: bed ratio is not met in some units of clinical services, leading to the increase in workload for nurses and midwives. The study revealed that the proportion of nurses and midwives holding bachelor’s and master’s degrees are very limited in clinical setting due to the current package of National health facilities that limits them in number and this has been reported as having negative impact on strategic planning for nurses and midwives human resources due to poor planning and less involvement of nurses and midwives in policy making. The study findings also show that 73.2% of nurses and midwives working in clinical services are not satisfied with their job; 93.2% of nurses and midwives are not satisfied with their salary and 53 % of nurses and midwives are not satisfied with the job stability despite the registration process that has provided practice license to 74.4% of nurses and midwives. Participants in the study have identified Rwanda Nurses and Midwives’ Union of which 68.3 % are already members, as the most suitable independent and professional body to advocate for their interests and for the improvement of their working conditions.